Elderly woman looking up

Diabetic Retinopathy

Are you struggling with type 1 or type 2 diabetes? Have you noticed your vision starting to decline?

This could be the start of diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that negatively impacts your vision.

Our doctors can expertly treat diabetic retinopathy. We have convenient locations in Troy, Celina, Bellefontaine, and Sidney, OH.

What Is Diabetic Retinopathy? A Complication of Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes


Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects your eyesight and can lead to vision loss. The condition is more common in people who have had type 1 or type 2 diabetes for a long time.

The Causes Of Diabetic Retinopathy

Over time, high blood sugar can block the small blood vessels that lead to the retina, effectively cutting off the retina's blood supply. The eye attempts to create new blood vessels to replace the blocked ones. However, these new blood vessels are not formed properly and easily rupture and leak, causing impaired vision and vision loss.

Protect Your Vision Request a Consultation

Since the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy can often be gradual, annual eye exams are crucial for patients with diabetes. Catching this condition early can prevent further eye concerns, such as retinal detachment.

Our optometrist, Dr. Schemmel, is board certified by the Ohio State Optometric Board, meaning he has shown mastery in the field and continues to stay up-to-date on developments. Patients throughout Ohio come to our Sidney, Bellefontaine, Celina, and Troy offices for help managing and treating eye conditions.

Take control of your eye health by requesting a consultation at one of our offices:

(937) 576-8122

Dr. Schemmel
Dr. Shemmel served as an optometrist in the U.S. Army.

See Why Sidney Chooses Ohio Vision For Their Eye Care Needs


Virgil Knapke


Google logo

I am very pleased with the professional services provided by this ophthalmology practice.  The doctors and staff members do a great job of explaining treatments and outcomes.   Very friendly and helpful in all aspects.  Great results.

View On Google

Ashley Stetler


Google logo

The office staff were great! Very helpful with insurance and what to expect coming in. Dr. Wilding is very comforting and fun to be around. For my procedure he was very good with explaining what he was doing and what to expect...

View On Google

The Stages Of Diabetic Retinopathy

Call our doctors right away if you experience blurriness, haziness, or a sudden change of vision.

People might not show any symptoms in the earliest stages of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetics should schedule yearly eye exams even if they have no change in their vision and their blood sugar levels are controlled.

Call our doctors right away if you experience blurriness, haziness, or a sudden change of vision.

Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NDR)

In this early stage, the retinal blood vessels weaken, creating bulges that can leak into the eye. New blood vessels have yet to grow (proliferate). This stage progresses from mild to moderate to severe as more blood vessels become blocked. If left untreated, NDR can lead to proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other complications.

Diabetic Macular Edema

Sometimes the buildup of fluid caused by NDR can lead to macular edema. The macula is the center portion of the retina that gives us clear, precise vision. As the damaged blood vessels begin to swell and leak, fluid fills the macula, distorting your vision. If left untreated, this can lead to vision loss.

Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR)

In this final stage of diabetic retinopathy, the old vessels are completely blocked, so new blood vessels begin to grow. The abnormal blood vessels break easily, causing fluid to fill the eye and impair vision. Scar tissue also forms and can cause retinal detachment. The pressure builds as more fluid accumulates, contributing to glaucoma, optic nerve damage, and eventual blindness.

The Treatments For Diabetic Retinopathy

It is important to seek medical care right away if you are showing any signs of diabetic retinopathy. The team at Ohio Vision in Sidney, OH, can assess your symptoms and develop a treatment plan to slow progression to PDR or vision loss.
Focal Laser Treatment (Photocoagulation)

Focal Laser Treatment (Photocoagulation)

Focal laser surgery slows the leakage by shrinking the abnormal blood vessels. This treatment can be completed in one session and can impede the progress of macular edema. Additional treatments will be needed to restore your vision.

Scatter Laser Treatment (Panretinal Photocoagulation)

Scatter Laser Treatment (Panretinal Photocoagulation)

This laser surgery shrinks the abnormal blood vessels through targeted laser burns, focusing on the periphery of the retina rather than the macula. It is effective in stopping leakage but usually takes two or more sessions to complete.



This procedure is recommended for those suffering from severe vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy. A surgeon will remove blood, fluid, and scar tissue from the gel in the center of your eye (vitreous). Over time, the eye's natural fluid will replace the blood that made your vision cloudy.

The Management Of Diabetic Retinopathy

While the above treatments will help slow the process of NDR, PDR, and macular edema, they will not cure diabetic retinopathy. Certain lifestyle adjustments have to be made to maintain your vision.

Managing Your Blood Sugar

Managing your blood sugar levels and continuing medications as directed is a good way to maintain good ocular health and overall wellness.

Lifestyle Changes

Your doctor may recommend a healthy diet, daily exercise, quitting smoking, and other wellness plans to improve your health and manage your diabetes.

Monitor Vision Changes

Stay cognizant of any vision changes to help detect diabetic retinopathy in its earliest stages. Annual eye exams can help you get ahead of this condition and maintain your vision.

"Wonderful staff, great results." Sidney Patients Review Our Team


Beth Reames


Google logo

Dr. Johnson is the best!! He took excellent care of a family member who had shingles in the face/eye even when it required after hours direction. You can trust him with your vision, he won't let you down!!

View on Google

Bonnie Vorisek


Google logo

Wonderful staff, great results from their work with me, easy access with plenty of parking, ground floor location, wheelchair compatible, no steps. So grateful to have their caring service.

View on Google
Ohio Vision Logo Imagery

Ohio Vision

Ohio Vision is honored to provide the very best medical and surgical eye care to patients in Mercer, Shelby, Logan, and Miami Counties. Drs. Wilding, Johnson, and Schemmel are all board-certified and experts in their respective disciplines. We are proud to be affiliated with several prestigious organizations, including:

  • American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • American Medical Association
  • American Osteopathic Association
  • Osteopathic College of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology
  • American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

To request more information, or to schedule an appointment, please contact us online or call (937) 492-8040.

Contact Us Today

Rate, Review & Explore

Social Accounts Sprite
Google map image of our location in 915 W Michigan St.  Sidney, OH

Sidney Office

915 W Michigan St.
Sidney, OH 45365

Closed Today

Google map image of our location in 31 S Stanfield Road Stanfield Medical Bldg. Ste. 202 Troy, OH

Troy Office

31 S Stanfield Road Stanfield Medical Bldg.
Ste. 202
Troy, OH 45373

Closed Today

Google map image of our location in 801 Pro Drive Celina, OH 45822  Celina, OH

Celina Office

801 Pro Drive Celina, OH 45822
Celina, OH 45822

Closed Today

Google map image of our location in 715 Rush Ave.  Bellefontaine, OH

Bellefontaine Office

715 Rush Ave.
Bellefontaine, OH 43311

Closed Today

(937) 492-8040 Send a message